Grey ears, black eyes. High quality standard greys should be the base for any quality breeding program. Always breed your color mutations back to standard greys to keep the quality, health, color, fur strength/quality and size in your breeding program. If you continually breed the color mutations to color mutations your offspring will get smaller and you will start to see health problems. Standards should have clear white bellies not cream or yellow and a blue cast to the grey. They should have a blocky build with a wide neck. When you blow into their fur it should not stay parted, but stand back up again. The fur should be soft, but thick. The top fur of the standard looks dark grey, but there are actually 3 colors to each hair. Where the hair is closest to the skin is called underfur and it is grey. The middle of the hair, called the bar, is white. The tip of the hair can be grey to black. This color combination is called agouti. If you want to keep your light mutations light breed to a light standard. For darker mutations breed to a dark standard.
BLACK VELVET CHINCHILLA (TOV STANDARD) (TOV = TOUCH OF VELVET) (also called "black")Grey ears, black eyes. One of my very favorites! The black velvet gene is dominate. Tov is a pattern with the top of the chinchilla being the darkest, medium sides and a lighter belly. In the black velvet chinchillas the top is black with grey sides and a white belly. Their can also be a stripe across each paw called a paw spat. Babies are born looking like a standard with a black mask on the face. Sometimes at first the mask is only around the nose. As they age to about 1 month the black covers the top of the head and back with their sides staying grey and the chest and belly white. YOU SHOULD NOT BREED 2 BLACK VELVETS OR ANY 2 TOV'S TOGETHER BECAUSE THEY CARRY THE LETHAL FACTOR. A FETUS CARRYING 2 TOV'S CAN DIE IN THE UTEROUS BEING REABSORBED OR ABORTED. It can also cause problems for the mother. You should not breed 2 whites together because of the lethal factor. The tov gene will produce more dramactic white mosaics call TOV Whites. When paired with a beige it can produce a brown velvet (TOV Beige)
Grey ears, black eyes. The ebony color is accumulative so if you breed a light ebony to another ebony the offspring can be born darker and if those offspring are bred to another ebony even darker chinchilla babies can result. When trying to breed for an extra dark ebony you will need to start with large animals and eventually breed back to standards to keep the health, vigor and size in your ebony line. The ebony gene causes the color to wrap around the body making the belly darker instead of white.
These are a newer mutation and it is extremely important to outcross the sapphires with high quality standards to improve this mutation. The sapphire are a light silvery grey with a touch of blue to their fur color. They pink ears, nose and a white belly. Your best sapphires are probably going to come from a pairing of 2 standard sapphire carriers. This may produce sapphires or standard sapphire carriers or standards. If you do a sapphire to a standard sapphire carrier this could produce sapphires or standard sapphire carriers. If one breeding parent is a sapphire, the babies will be atleast sapphire carriers. If both parents are carriers the babies have a 50/50 chance of being sapphire carriers, which are called PSC (possible sapphire carrier)
EBONY WHITE CHINCHILLA
Grey ears, black eyes These chinchillas carry the ebony andwhite gene. Will have ebony and white markings. Some ebony white mosaics can be very light and some very dark.
TOV WHITE CHINCHILLA (black white cross)
(black is black velvet not ebony)
Grey ears, black eyes. Tov chinchillas are a cross between a white mosaic and black velvet (tov standard). This crossing can result in a white mosaic with a darker face and darker more dramatic patterns of white, grey and black on the body. They can also have a darker paw spat across each paw. You can take this one step further and breed the tov white chinchilla to an ebony chinchilla, which can result in a tov ebony white mosaic chinchilla with even darker and more dramatic patterns. You need to start with high quality, good sized animals to accomplish this and get healthy offspring and then of course breed those babies back to high quality standards.
BROWN VELVET CHINCHILLA (TOV BEIGE)
Pink ears, red eyes (eyes look brown unless a camera flash is on them or other bright light.) A brown velvet is a cross between a beige and a black velvet. Babies are born a light tan with a darker tan mask. As they age the tan darkens to a brownish tan and covers the top of the head and back with lighter tan sides and a white belly. Since brown velvets carry the beige and the TOV gene; when paired with other color mutations they can produce:
brown velvet + standard = standards, black velvet, beige, brown velvet.
+beige = beige, brown velvet, homo beige, tov homo beige, black velvet, standard grey
+white mosaic= pink white, tov pink white, white mosaic (grey and white), tov white, beige, brown velvet, black velvet, standard grey
+pink white = can produce the same as a white mosaic plus homo beige, brown velvet homo beige, pink white homo, tov pink white homo
Pink ears and nose, dark red eyes. Eyes look brown unless a camera flash is on them or other bright light. Light tan top and white belly with dark red eyes. The beige gene is a dominant gene meaning the chinchilla only has to have 1 beige gene to override the standard gene to produce beige offspring.
Beige Side Colors are :
beige, homo beige, pink white, tans, brown velvet, brown velvet homo beige, tov pink white.
HOMO BEIGE CHINCHILLA (both parents carry the beige gene, homozygous)
A light champagne color with a white belly. Pink ears and nose, and light red eyes. The eyes will have a light ring around the pupil. The fur texture on a homo beige tends to be finer. The homo beige color can be produced with any 2 "beige side" combinations: beige + tan
beige + pink white
beige + beige
beige + homo beige
beige + brown velvet
HETERO EBONY CHINCHILLA (LIGHT EBONY)
Looks like a standard with a grey belly instead of white. Darkness depends on how much ebony is in the breeding background.
EXTRA DARK OR
HOMO EBONY CHINCHILLA (BOTH PARENTS ARE EBONY) EBONIES SEEM TO TAKE LONGER TO GET THEIR SIZE. USUALLY BY THE SECOND YEAR.
All of the fur on a homo ebony is pitch black and both parents are ebonies (homo standards for homozygous; full ebony on both sides). You can also get an all black ebony with only 1 ebony parent or ebony in the breeding background called an extra dark ebony.
PINK WHITE CHINCHILLA
Can be all bright white or white with beige markings. Will have pink ears and nose, red eyes. The pink whites I have are more of a bright solid white and the white mosaics seem to be more patterned with grey and white. Most of the eyes are a dark ruby, but the chinchilla to the left has bright red eyes (albino). Pink whites will have a white belly.
TAN AND WHITE CHINCHILLA
Will have pink ears, nose and red eyes (eyes look brown unless a camera flash is on them or other bright light.) . These chinchillas carry the white, beige and ebony gene.
TOV SAPPHIRE AND WHITE CHINCHILLAS
This is a cross of a white sapphire with a black velvet sapphire carrier. Or a tov sapphire with a white sapphire carrier. The tov influence can result in a more dramatic darker pattern of sapphire and white. These chinchillas can have a darker face and paw spats.
TOV SAPPHIRE CHINCHIILLAS (sapphire royale)
A cross between a standard grey sapphire and a black velvet (tov) sapphire carrier or a sapphire and a black velvet sapphire carrier.
This tov influence to the sapphire makes the top of the fur a darker richer color contrasting beautifully to the white belly. To get a black velvet sapphire carrier you would cross a black velvet to a sapphire, which will result in standard sapphire carriers or black velvet sapphire carriers.
SAPPHIRE AND WHITE CHINCHILLA
This is a cross between a white mosaic sapphire carrier and a sapphire. The blue from the sapphire influence really enhances the white coloring on this mutation
TOV EBONY WHITE CHINCHILLA
Grey ears, black eyes. This baby started off having mostly black in her pattern and lightened up to having much more white. This is a cross between an ebony and a tov white mosaic. They carry the white, the black velvet (tov), and the ebony genes.
BEIGE VIOLET CHINCHILLA
Also called a Pearl
This is a beautiful beige color. The violet influence makes the beige a more cream shade . Pink ears, nose and red eyes. To get a beige violet carrier you would cross a beige with a violet and then cross the beige violet carrier offspring to a standard violet carrier or a violet.
TOV TAN AND WHITE CHINCHILLA
A tan and white crossed with a TOV. Can have darker more dramatic tan and white patterns with paw spats no picture
VOILET WRAP CHINCHILLA
I love the color of the violet wraps. They are a solid rich dark dove grey with violet hue. The color wraps completely around including the belly. This is a cross between a violet and a ebony violet carrier. The more ebony the darker the color.
Dark eyes with greys ears. Violet chinchillas are a beautiful solid dove grey with a violet hue to them and a white belly. If both parents do not carry the violet gene their crossing will produce a standard violet carrier (vc). If you breed 2 animials that are violet carriers they could produce a violet. If only 1 parent is a carrier the offspring have a 50% chance of being a violet carrier called a PVC (possible violet carrier). It is very important to breed the violets with standards. A good breeding pair would be 2 standards that are violet carriers or atleast 1 parent being a standard violet carrier and 1 being a violet. You need to start with large high quality animals when breeding with violets, when breeding to other mutations.
TOV VIOLET CHINCHILLA
This is a gorgeous mutation, which is a cross between a tov violet carrier and a violet. A tov violet carrier is a cross between a black velvet and a violet. The tov violet has a darker rich violet color on top and a white belly.
WHITE VIOLET CHINCHILLA
White violets are a cross between a white violet carrier and a violet. To get a white violet carrier you would breed a white to a violet. This chinchilla shows a pattern of the violet dove grey and white.
1 week old female
HOMO TAN CHINCHILLA
Has 2 tan genes meaning each parent had 2 beige and 2 ebony genes.
MEDIUM EBONY CHINCHILLA
has dark ebony areas and dark grey areas
EBONY - black all over with tipping or flecking of dark grey
DARK EBONY - black all over except a couple of small areas with tipping or flecking
TOV EBONY CHINCHILLA
This is a cross between and ebony chinchilla and black velvet chinchilla. The chinchilla will be ebony on top with a medium grey sides and a lighter grey belly
Breeding with a tov ebony will produce everything a black velvet can plus everything an ebony can, but they will not have a bright white belly like the black velvet so this could effect the belly of the standards, and black velvets produced from this breeding.
VIOLET AND SAPPHIRE GENES ARE RECESSIVE MEANING EACH PARENT HAS TO HAVE THE GENE TO PRODUCE VIOLET OR SAPPHIRE OFFSPRING. 2 GENES (HOMOZYGOUS, HOMO FOR SHORT ).
So each parent would have to atleast be a violet carrier to have a chance at getting a violet or each parent would have to atleast be a sapphire carrier to have a chance at producing a sapphire.
SAPPHIRE WRAP CHINCHILLA
A sapphire wrap is a cross between a sapphire and a ebony sapphire carrier. I am in the process of breeding 2 seperate lines of large high quality ebonies to sapphires to produce ebony sapphire carriers and eventually sapphire wraps.
To see the result of different breeding combination click on the link below
Mosaic chinchillas will have grey ears, black eyes. Babies can be born showing darker grey patterns, but lighten as they age with the whiter areas covering more of the body. This is also true with ebony white mosaic chinchilla babies and other mosaic chinchillas. There should be not be any yellow or creamy color on the whites. The whites are an incomplete dominate gene over the standard gene. That is why most whites will show some grey patterns instead of solid white. All whites can not be homozygous they can only be hetero meaning you can not breed 2 whites together. A fetus having 2 white genes carries the lethal factor. This fetus can die in the uterus and will be reabsorbed or aborted. Can only have 1 white gene (HETEROZYGOUS, HETERO FOR SHORT). A Wilson White (also called Predominantly White)will be all white with grey ears.
As you can see in the photos the ears do have a little pink in the center of the ears.
DARK TAN CHINCHILLA
LIGHT, MEDIUM (beige wrap), DARK TAN (dark beige wrap) and CHOCOLATE CHINCHILLAS
Solid light to dark tan including belly. All tans will have pink ears and dark ruby eyes just like the beiges (eyes look brown unless a camera flash is on them or other bright light.) . Made by crossing an ebony chinchilla and a beige chinchilla. The light tan can appear to look like a hetero beige and you may not see the ebony influence until you breed them. With medium and darker tans the color wraps the body including the belly (this is from the ebony gene) . Tans can darken as they age. The most common color changes you will see in beige and tan chinchillas is the body will lighten or darken to the color of the tail. Chocolates and dark tans are born the color of a light or medium tan and darken with age until about 18 months, but some can darken up to 2 years old. The more ebony crosses the darker the tan the offspring can be, eventually resulting in a chocolate chinchilla. When you blow on the hair of a dark tan the underneath hair is lighter, but a chocolate is dark all the way to the skin.
SILVER MOSAIC CHINCHILLA
A silver chinchilla is a variation of a white mosaic, with the tips of the hair being darker throughout most of the fur giving it a light silvery look.
EXTREMELY RARE MUTATIONS
TheGoldbar Chinchilla (true golden color). There are very few breeders breeding this mutation. The breeders who do breed this mutation are working to strengthen the line by crossing them with high quality standards. From what I have read the fur quality and strength of the animal needs work due to inbreeding. It has recently been determined that the recessive white and goldbar are the same color animal.
TheBlue Diamond Chinchilla
A cross between a sapphire and violet. The sapphires already need out crossing to high quality standards to strengthen the line and violets can tend to not have as dense of fur so it is important to only breed this type of mutation if your are an experienced breeder with the highest quality of sapphire and violets bred to the highest quality of standards to produce standard violet/sapphire carriers.
This is another mutation that very few breeders are breeding. They are small with a large head, short legs, small feet, a short bushy tail and wide hips. They have a very distinct look to them. A female dwarf can not give birth because the babies are as large as a regular kit when born and a female dwarf is too small. A dwarf male must be bred to a female that is a dwarf carrier to produce babies. One breeder I have talked to has stopped breeding them due to increased rectal prolaspe. I have also read that they just have the same health issues as normal sized chinchillas. I have had a dwarf chinchilla born from normal parents twice.
Pictured is a beige dwarf male born from normal sized parents. Dad is a standard grey and Mom is a pink white. His sister, a pink white, is also normal. He is 5 weeks old in these photos. His head still looks like a newborn with a very blunt face and short nose. His ears are smaller and his tail is shorter. When he walks/runs it looks completely different from a normal chinchilla because his little legs are so short. He seems perfectly healthy so far. Click on photos to enlarge.
All non standard chinchillas are called mutations. When starting with top quality mutations I would not breed more than 2 to 3 generations of color to color without out crossing the offspring back to standards. The more quality standards in the breeding lines the better quality mutations.